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二维码生成


一、引入依赖

 	<dependency>
            <groupId>com.google.zxing</groupId>
            <artifactId>core</artifactId>
            <version>3.3.0</version>
  	</dependency>

二、工具类封装

public class QRCodeUtil extends LuminanceSource {
    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(QRCodeUtil.class);

    // 二维码颜色
    private static final int BLACK = 0xFF000000;
    // 二维码颜色
    private static final int WHITE = 0xFFFFFFFF;

    private final BufferedImage image;
    private final int left;
    private final int top;

    public QRCodeUtil(BufferedImage image) {
        this(image, 0, 0, image.getWidth(), image.getHeight());
    }

    public QRCodeUtil(BufferedImage image, int left, int top, int width, int height) {
        super(width, height);
        int sourceWidth = image.getWidth();
        int sourceHeight = image.getHeight();
        if (left + width > sourceWidth || top + height > sourceHeight) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Crop rectangle does not fit within image data.");
        }
        for (int y = top; y < top + height; y++) {
            for (int x = left; x < left + width; x++) {
                if ((image.getRGB(x, y) & 0xFF000000) == 0) {
                    image.setRGB(x, y, 0xFFFFFFFF); // = white
                }
            }
        }
        this.image = new BufferedImage(sourceWidth, sourceHeight, BufferedImage.TYPE_BYTE_GRAY);
        this.image.getGraphics().drawImage(image, 0, 0, null);
        this.left = left;
        this.top = top;
    }

    @Override
    public byte[] getRow(int y, byte[] row) {
        if (y < 0 || y >= getHeight()) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Requested row is outside the image: " + y);
        }
        int width = getWidth();
        if (row == null || row.length < width) {
            row = new byte[width];
        }
        image.getRaster().getDataElements(left, top + y, width, 1, row);
        return row;
    }

    @Override
    public byte[] getMatrix() {
        int width = getWidth();
        int height = getHeight();
        int area = width * height;
        byte[] matrix = new byte[area];
        image.getRaster().getDataElements(left, top, width, height, matrix);
        return matrix;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isCropSupported() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public LuminanceSource crop(int left, int top, int width, int height) {
        return new QRCodeUtil(image, this.left + left, this.top + top, width, height);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isRotateSupported() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public LuminanceSource rotateCounterClockwise() {
        int sourceWidth = image.getWidth();
        int sourceHeight = image.getHeight();
        AffineTransform transform = new AffineTransform(0.0, -1.0, 1.0, 0.0, 0.0, sourceWidth);
        BufferedImage rotatedImage = new BufferedImage(sourceHeight, sourceWidth, BufferedImage.TYPE_BYTE_GRAY);
        Graphics2D g = rotatedImage.createGraphics();
        g.drawImage(image, transform, null);
        g.dispose();
        int width = getWidth();
        return new QRCodeUtil(rotatedImage, top, sourceWidth - (left + width), getHeight(), width);
    }

    /**
     * @param matrix
     * @return
     */
    private static BufferedImage toBufferedImage(BitMatrix matrix) {
        int width = matrix.getWidth();
        int height = matrix.getHeight();
        BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
        for (int x = 0; x < width; x++) {
            for (int y = 0; y < height; y++) {
                image.setRGB(x, y, matrix.get(x, y) ? BLACK : WHITE);
            }
        }
        return image;
    }

    /**
     * 生成二维码图片
     *
     * @param matrix
     * @param format
     * @param file
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static void writeToFile(BitMatrix matrix, String format, File file) throws IOException {
        BufferedImage image = toBufferedImage(matrix);
        if (!ImageIO.write(image, format, file)) {
            throw new IOException("Could not write an image of format " + format + " to " + file);
        }
    }

    /**
     * 生成二维码图片流
     *
     * @param matrix
     * @param format
     * @param stream
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static void writeToStream(BitMatrix matrix, String format, OutputStream stream) throws IOException {
        BufferedImage image = toBufferedImage(matrix);
        if (!ImageIO.write(image, format, stream)) {
            throw new IOException("Could not write an image of format " + format);
        }
    }

    /**
     * 根据内容,生成指定宽高、指定格式的二维码图片
     *
     * @param text   内容
     * @param width  宽
     * @param height 高
     * @param format 图片格式
     * @return 生成的二维码图片路径
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String generateQRCode(String text, int width, int height, String format, String pathName)
            throws Exception {
        Hashtable<EncodeHintType, Object> hints = new Hashtable<EncodeHintType, Object>();
        hints.put(EncodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, "utf-8");// 指定编码格式
        hints.put(EncodeHintType.ERROR_CORRECTION, ErrorCorrectionLevel.L);// 指定纠错等级
        hints.put(EncodeHintType.MARGIN, 1); // 白边大小,取值范围0~4
        BitMatrix bitMatrix = new MultiFormatWriter().encode(text, BarcodeFormat.QR_CODE, width, height, hints);
        File outputFile = new File(pathName);
        writeToFile(bitMatrix, format, outputFile);
        return pathName;
    }

    /**
     * 解析指定路径下的二维码图片
     *
     * @param filePath 二维码图片路径
     * @return
     */
    public static String parseQRCode(String filePath) {
        String content = "";
        try {
            File file = new File(filePath);
            BufferedImage image = ImageIO.read(file);
            LuminanceSource source = new QRCodeUtil(image);
            Binarizer binarizer = new HybridBinarizer(source);
            BinaryBitmap binaryBitmap = new BinaryBitmap(binarizer);
            Map<DecodeHintType, Object> hints = new HashMap<DecodeHintType, Object>();
            hints.put(DecodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, "UTF-8");
            MultiFormatReader formatReader = new MultiFormatReader();
            Result result = formatReader.decode(binaryBitmap, hints);

            logger.info("result 为:" + result.toString());
            logger.info("resultFormat 为:" + result.getBarcodeFormat());
            logger.info("resultText 为:" + result.getText());
            // 设置返回值
            content = result.getText();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            logger.error(e.getMessage());
        }
        return content;
    }

}

三、测试

  public static void main(String[] args) {
       String text = "hello world!"; // 随机生成验证码
       System.out.println("随机码: " + text);
       int width = 500; // 二维码图片的宽
       int height = 500; // 二维码图片的高
       String format = "png"; // 二维码图片的格式

       try {
           // 生成二维码图片,并返回图片路径
           String pathName = generateQRCode(text, width, height, format, "D:/new.png");
           System.out.println("生成二维码的图片路径: " + pathName);
           String content = parseQRCode(pathName);
           System.out.println("解析出二维码的图片的内容为: " + content);
       } catch (Exception e) {
           e.printStackTrace();
       }
   }
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